Status & Perspectives in Science & Education

ABBE CENTER OF PHOTONICS Status & Perspectives in Science & Education

ABBE CENTER OF PHOTONICS Status & Perspectives in Science & Education OUR PARTNERS The Abbe Center of Photonics is an interfaculty center of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena which sustains a dense network with local research institutions. Strategic funding of the Abbe Center of Photonics is provided by governmental and industrial partners. Fourth edition Editorial deadline: 31.12.2020

5 4  Forewords Forewords FOREWORDS Photonics brings light into the world – literally and metaphorically. Photonics research plays an important role in the industrial development of solar energy, quantum computing, medical technologies and even space exploration – just to name a few. Without optical technologies, we would not have the means to meet, work, and connect virtually, this latter point becoming especially essential during the COVID-19 pandemic. Clearly, photonics has become the foundation of our modern digital society. It is a key technology today and in the future. Jena, known as Germany’s City of Light , has held an appreciation for the light sciences and technologies for a long time. The city’s high level of recognition for the subject of light is deeply embedded in the minds and lifes of its inhabitants – probably more so than in anywhere else in the world. The Friedrich Schiller University Jena maintains its commitment to light by choosing the triad LIGHT-LIFE-LIBERTY as its motto. Indeed, as part of this triad, the profile line LIGHT reflects our involvement in light and photonics research and training. Furthermore, the University holds close ties to regional industries, benefiting from their support and cooperation at many levels. Throughout our University‘s long history, the tradition of light and photonic studies owes its importance to three individuals in particular: Carl Zeiss, Otto Schott and Ernst Abbe. Ernst Abbe has always been Jena‘s most notable physicist. By establishing the Carl Zeiss Foundation, he guaranteed the continued existence of our University for many decades to come. From the late 19th century onwards, optics and photonics did not only attain academic recognition, but also great industrial significance. Giving credit where credit is due, Ernst Abbe was thus chosen in 2010 to be the namesake of our Abbe Center of Photonics (ACP) - the key institution of the University’s profile line LIGHT. In recent years, the profile line has been strengthened significantly, with our University very successfully acquiring largescale, collaborative research projects: the Cluster of Excellence „Balance of the Microverse“, the two Collaborative Research Centers NOA and CataLight, and the Max Planck School of Photonics. ACP scientists have contributed considerably to the success of these projects and still do. Furthermore, the university holds close ties to non-university research centers and regional industries, benefiting from their support and cooperation at many levels. The University of Jena and the ACP are located in Thuringia, Germany’s dynamically developing region of technological innovation. This region is also blessed with a rich cultural heritage and attractive natural surroundings. I cordially invite you to immerse in this booklet’s pages and discover what light means to the city of Jena, its university and its scientific community. If this message sparks your interest and curiosity, it would be our pleasure to welcome you personally in Jena, the City of Light . Prof. Dr Walter Rosenthal President of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena Jena’s deep historical roots in the fields of optics and photonics represent a great challenge, but also a strong stimulus to continue this century-long tradition with equal success in the future. In the past, the combination of efforts from various scientific branches was the main force that nurtured many scientific breakthroughs. Today more than ever, this conviction is shared by scientific and economic communities around the globe. This is undoubtedly true for the field of photonics, a key enabling technology also driving social change on a global scale. Since 2000, seven Nobel Prizes in physics and chemistry have been awarded to photonics scientists. In 2018, the most recent award was given to Ashkin, Mourou and Strickland for their breakthrough work in the field of ultrashort high-energy lasers; this field is one in which Jena holds world-class expertise. The Abbe Center of Photonics (ACP), as part of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, clearly pursues one „leitmotif“ of our Center’s namesake, Ernst Abbe: ground-breaking science is only possible if individuals work cooperatively to achieve a higher goal. At ACP, theoreticians and experimentalists, among them physicists, chemists, material scientists, biologists and physicians, have made remarkable headway in establishing the Center as the primary driver of the university’s profile line LIGHT within photonics and photonics-related technologies. Since the center’s founding in 2010, ACP’s members have experienced a remarkable synergetic effect by creating joint novel ideas. We have developed a strategic roadmap regarding our joint research and educational missions. Now in 2021 we have set many of these visions into reality! Our ambitions and goals are seen by viewing Jena’s academic curriculum and by society’s present and future focus in the optics and photonics fields. Our Center’s continued pursuit for academic excellence will be the stimulus for a sustaining commitment common to all ACP scientists in the years to come. ACP’s outstanding developmental growth has promoted it to the level of an indispensable global player in photonics. Reverberations of this fact can also be physically seen by our Center’s new expanded building, whose shell was cast in concrete at Jena’s Beutenberg Campus in 2016. Since then, our ACP building has given birth to a vibrant, daily interaction between students and scientists. It has and will continue its promise of becoming Jena’s home of multidisciplinary research and innovation. We are proud that our Center’s excellence is not limited solely to research. It is our belief that the highest standards of academic opportunities and qualification can be achieved only through a unified approach of research and education. Our teaching of young scientists has boosted the integration of the Abbe School of Photonics with the recently established Max Planck School of Photonics. Together, we have become joined into the ivy league of photonics education worldwide. We receive annually over a thousand applications globally for our Master’s degree and doctoral programs. The resulting internationalization of ASP’s teaching personnel and staff has contributed to its recognition as one of our university’s flagship faculties. Though facing great difficulties with regard to the COVID-19 pandemic, we are meeting the challenge and are well prepared to effectively continue our educational mission. With this current 2021 edition of our booklet, we wish to provide you with a fresh summary of our Center’s collaborative efforts undertaken during the last several years. The booklet has been updated thanks to ACP’s many recent developments particularly related to breakthrough results in research as well as our newly appointed faculty. Unlike an annual report, our aim is to attain a balance between the manifestation of and reflection on our very dynamic progress. We truly hope that this booklet will provide you with a clear overview of our pursuits and future plans. Feel warmly welcome to immerse yourself in the description of our currentlyoffered courses and seminars. All of these exude our united opinion that Jena is indeed one of the best places in the world to study and do research in optics and photonics. In the spirit of our namesake, Ernst Abbe, we would be happy to welcome you soon.r namesake, Ernst Abbe, we would be happy to welcome you soon. ACP Board Of Directors, January 2021 Prof. Stefanie Gräfe Prof. Thomas Pertsch Prof. Jürgen Popp Prof. Christian Spielmann Prof. Andreas Tünnermann

7 6  Table of Contents Table of Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS Editorial ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������4 DIRECTOR‘S REPORT 8 Structure ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������12 Funding �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������16 Local partners ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������18 Advisory Board ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������20 Our team ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������21 EDUCATION – ABBE SCHOOL OF PHOTONICS 22 Building Careers in Photonics ������������������������������������������������������������������������������24 Master‘s Degree Program ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������26 Doctoral Program ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������29 Junior Scientist Program �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������32 Guest Professorship Program �������������������������������������������������������������������������������34 KEY RESEARCH AREA ULTRA OPTICS 36 KEY RESEARCH AREA STRONG FIELD PHYSICS4 2 KEY RESEARCH AREA BIOPHOTONICS 48 PRINCIPAL SCIENTIST PROFILES 54 Michael Bauer ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������56 Christoph Biskup ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������58 Thomas Bocklitz �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������60 Michael Börsch ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������62 Silvana Botti ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������64 Axel Brakhage ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������66 Delia Brauer ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������68 Christin David ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������70 Volker Deckert ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������72 Benjamin Dietzek ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������74 Christian Eggeling �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������76 Falk Eilenberger ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������78 Torsten Fritz ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������80 Stephan Fritzsche ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������82 Wolfgang Fritzsche �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������84 Torsten Frosch ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������86 Holger Gies ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������88 Markus Gräfe ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������90 Stefanie Gräfe �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������92 Herbert Gross �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������94 DIRECTOR‘S REPORT 8 KEY RESEARCH AREA ULTRA OPTICS 34 KEY RESEARCH AREA BIOPHOTONICS 46 EDUCATION - ABBE SCHOOL OF PHOTONICS 22 KEY RESEARCH AREA STRONG FIELD PHYSICS 40 PRINCIPAL SCIENTIST PROFILES 52 Stefan H. Heinemann ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������96 Rainer Heintzmann ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������98 Jer-Shing Huang �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������100 Malte C. Kaluza �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������102 Daniil Kartashov ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������104 Erika Kothe ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������106 Jens Limpert ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������108 Stefan Lorkowski �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������110 Timo Mappes ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������112 Ute Neugebauer �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������114 Stefan Nolte �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������116 Gerhard G. Paulus �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������118 Thomas Pertsch ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������120 Ulf Peschel ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������122 Adrian N. Pfeiffer �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������124 Jürgen Popp ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������126 Carsten Ronning �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������128 Jan Rothhardt �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������130 Felix Schacher �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������132 Heidemarie Schmidt ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������134 Markus A. Schmidt ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������136 Michael Schmitt ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������138 Ulrich S. Schubert �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������140 Frank Setzpfandt �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������142 Giancarlo Soavi ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������144 Christian Spielmann �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������146 Isabelle Staude �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������148 Fabian Steinlechner ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������150 Thomas Stöhlker �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������152 Adriana Szeghalmi ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������154 Andreas Tünnermann ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������156 Andrey Turchanin �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������158 Maria Wächtler �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������160 Lothar Wondraczek �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������162 Uwe Zeitner �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������164 Matthew Zepf �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������166 IMPRINT 169

8 Director‘s Report Table of Contents DIRECTOR‘S REPORT

THE ABBE CENTEROF PHOTONICS IS THE ACADEMIC CENTER FOR OPTICS AND PHOTONICS AT THE FRIEDRICH SCHILLER UNIVERSITY JENA. Our main mission is to promote interdisciplinary research and education, jointly performed by scientists from different subject areas, spanning physics, material sciences, chemistry, biology and medicine. We are following the vision of positioning ACP and Jena as one of the leading European centers for research and education in optics and photonics, as well as in the development and transfer of optical technologies.

13 12 Director‘s Report Structure Structure Director‘s Report STRUCTURE The Abbe Center of Photonics (ACP) is the host of major research and educational activities in optics and photonics at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena. As a cornerstone of the University‘s scientific profile, this interfaculty center forms the core of the University‘s profile line LIGHT and incorporates major scientific contributions from Jena‘s nonuniversity optical research institutes. Based on more than a century of optics and photonics tradition in Jena, ACP was founded in 2010 by the optical scientists of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena to further shape the University‘s scientific profile. ACP‘s founding was a milestone in the University‘s long term institutional strategy to establish the priority research area Optics, Photonics and Photonic Technologies already in 2005. Besides its academic mission, ACP reflects the strategy of the University by forming a close partnership with Jena‘s prosperous optics industry. This fact was also recognized by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) when it established the Center for Innovation Competence ZIK »ultra optics« that same year, remaining a central part of ACP until today. ACP’s legal status as an interfaculty center of the University is sealed by an official statute. The Center is directed by an elected board of four to five scientific directors, one of them being its executive director. MEMBERS 57 principal scientists, ~300 doctoral students, ~130 Master students CENTER MANAGEMENT Board of Directors Tünnermann (Executive director) Gräfe (Deputy director) Pertsch Popp Spielmann Administration Helgert (CEO) Freyberg (Administrative assistant) Kirchner (CRC1375 and PR) Schmidt (Master‘s degree program) Späthe (GRK2101 & doct. program) Vetter (Project accounting) ULTRA OPTICS ■ Laser physics ■ Nanooptics ■ Photonic materials ■ Optical systems ■ Quantum technologies STRONG FIELD PHYSICS ■ Ultrahigh peak power lasers ■ Nonlinear & relativistic laser physics ■ X-ray optics BIOPHOTONICS ■ Novel spectroscopic techniques ■ Multimodal biomedical imaging & microspectroscopy ■ Chip-based analytics & diagnostics FACULTIES UNIVERSITY JENA ■ Faculty of Physics and Astronomy ■ Faculty of Biological Sciences ■ Faculty of Chemistry and Earth Sciences ■ Faculty of Medicine ASSOCIATED RESEARCH INSTITUTES JENA ■ Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering (IOF) ■ Helmholtz Institute Jena (HIJ) ■ Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology (IPHT) ■ Master‘s degree program in photonics ■ Doctoral program in photonics ■ Optics training laboratory ■ Guest professorship program RESEARCH EDUCATION ADVISORY BOARD Tränkle (Speaker, FBI Berlin) Grange (ETH Zurich) Heinzel (FSU) Kempe (Carl Zeiss AG) Ritsch-Marte (Uni Innsbruck) Zacharias (Uni Münster) Zinner (TMWWDG) A CROSS-FERTILIZING CENTER FOR OPTICAL SCIENCES In joint research projects, ACP scientists cover both fundamental and applied topics. Oneof ACP’smaingoals is toproduce synergetic effects between University institutes, the associated non-university research institutes and its industrial partners to enable a scientific and economical added-value. The Center’s funding is mainly attracted in competitive thirdparty funding programs. While encompassing a broad variety of research fields, the ACP concentrates on expertise development in its three strategic domains: ULTRAOPTICS, STRONG FIELDPHYSICS, and BIOPHOTONICS. Besides ACP‘s research efforts, the education of young research scientists, represented by the integrated Abbe School of Photonics (ASP), exhibits its fourth profile cornerstone. ACP membership is open to all members of the Friedrich Schiller University working in the field of optics and photonics and also to externals who are active in ACP’s research fields. ACP membership applications are regularly considered and approved by the board of directors. In December 2020, ACP is comprised of 57 high-profile members who, due to the Center’s interfaculty character, are affiliated with different departments of the University: • 34 members from the Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, • 14 members from the Faculty of Chemistry and Earth Sciences, • 4 members from the Faculty of Biological Sciences, • 3 members from the Faculty of Medicine. There are two further ACP members which are not directly affiliated with either of the University’s departments. Moreover, further cross-affiliations of ACP’s members with Jena’s associated research institutions promote sustainable institutional bonds between the ACP and these institutions. This particularly holds true for the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering, the Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology, the Helmholtz Institute Jena and the Deutsches Optisches Museum (D.O.M.). ACP is run by a lean but effective management structure. The board of directors is elected by the members every three years. The ACP advisory board, currently formed by seven high-profile personalities from academia, industry and politics, supports the directors in questions of strategic importance. Administratively, the Center is run by a chief executive officer and a specialized team particularly dedicated to the coordination of the Master‘s degree, doctoral and guest programs as well as other central research and outreach initiatives. The Center’s structure is displayed in the organization chart. AN ATTRACTIVE PERSPECTIVE FOR PHOTONICS EXPERTNESS IN ACADEMIA Hand in hand with the University, ACP offers applicants showing excellent academic achievements the maximum opportunities for an academic career in optics and photonics in Jena. In order to provide this scientific and structural development with a broad foundation, ACP members have managed to actively steer strategic appointments, thereby serving to strengthen the Center’s core identity and the University’s profile line LIGHT. Since 2012, a considerable number of strategic professorship appointments have been achieved: Botti (Condensed Matter Theory), Dietzek (Molecular Photonics), Deckert (Nanospectroscopy), Eggeling (High-resolution microscopy), Fritzsche (Relativistic QuantumDynamics), Gräfe (Theoretical Chemistry), Gross (Optical System Design), Limpert (Novel Solid-State Laser Concepts), Mappes (Science Communication), Schmidt (Fiber Sensors), Staude (Photonic Nanomaterials), Peschel (Solid State Optics), Stöhlker (Atomic Physics in Extreme Coloumb & Laser Fields), Turchanin (Applied Physical Chemistry), and Wondraczek (Glass Chemistry). The bust of Ernst Abbe, the first to formulate the diffraction limit for a microscope and the famous eponym of the ACP, is hosted inside a historical monument in Jena. Organization chart of the Abbe Center of Photonics.

15 14 Director‘s Report Structure Structure Director‘s Report provides advice and support for equal opportunity or familyrelated topics within ACP and ASP. On the administrative level, information regarding financial aid earmarked for the promotion of women in academic careers is distributed at all levels. Clearly, the support of young female scientists is a crosssectional task for both ACP and the University. It creates and secures conditions of equal opportunity for all its members, independent of gender and background. PUBLICATIONS AND DISTINGUISHMENTS Publications are the main channels of scientific output, but they also serve to generate public awareness and are thus a primary performance indicator, both for the Center’s scientific excellence and its visibility. Since ACP was officially founded in late 2010, a significant increase in absolute peer-reviewed publication numbers amounting to about 400 p.a. has been achieved. This rise is mainly attributed to three factors: First, the recent concentration of the institutional strategy of the Friedrich Schiller University was backed by an enlarged structural support concept from the University board and the State of Thuringia. Second, a number of large-scale projects in the optical sciences and adjacent fields led by the ACP principal scientists were put into operation a few years ago. Last but not least, the institutionalization of the profile line LIGHT by the ACP, its key player, has attracted more and more international researchers of the Friedrich Schiller University to the optical sciences. These additional scientists have fused their complementary expertise into combined research efforts in a synergetic way - this fact is also reflected by the recent rise in publication numbers. But it is not only the mere quantity but also the quality of the publications which is worth noting: By October 2020, almost 200 high-impact publications, marked as ACP research highlights, have been published by ACP principal scientists, and at least than 78 of them were issued by the Nature Publishing Group (Nature, Nature Photonics, Nature Materials, etc.). Among the particularly outstanding achievements are the prices and distinguishments, which the Center’s members have been awarded in recent years. Just to name a few, the Federal German President‘s Award for Innovation in Science and Technology was awarded to a team around Stefan Nolte, for their contribution in transferring fundamental research of ultrafast laser processes into an industrial manufacturing tool. ERC Consolidator and ERC Advanced Grants are currently held by ACP principial scientists Benjamin Deitzek, Christian Eggeling, Stefanie Gräfe, Jens Limpert, Andreas Tünnermann, Andrey Turchanin, Thomas Stöhlker and Lothar Wondraczek. Only for the second time in its long-standing history since 1957, the Pittsburgh Spectroscopy Award was given to a non-American individual, Jürgen Popp for his outstanding contributions to the field of applied spectroscopy. This list may be well continued, and ACP scientists will strive to do so. EQUAL GENDER OPPORTUNITIES AND FAMILY-FRIENDLINESS ACP strongly and actively pursues gender mainstreaming and family-friendly working conditions. In addition to ACP internal initiatives, a variety of measures at the federal state, local state and municipal level are already in place to promote equal gender opportunities. While gender equality is less an issue in the departments of biology and medicine, there is still – despite all efforts – a severe problem in the current staffing of physics and chemistry departments which reflects the acute shortage of women in these disciplines in Germany in general, and optics and photonics in particular. Currently, ten out of 57 ACP principal scientists are female, namely Silvana Botti, Delia Brauer, Christin David, Stefanie Gräfe, Erika Kothe, Ute Neugebauer, Heidemarie Schmidt, Isabelle Staude and Adriana Szeghalmi. As part of our institutional strategy, women are strongly encouraged and supported in many respects to achieve group leaderships, junior and full professorships. Moreover, we have demonstrated that the long-term issue can be systematically addressed by supporting women at the earlier stages of their academic careers, incorporating this principle in all aspects of ACP’s qualification strategy. In fact, first successes of these efforts can be seen by quantitative indicators at the early-stage academic levels, demonstrating that the coordinatedprograms at ACP and ASP exhibit a noticeable percentage of women. In September 2020, 31% of all enrolled or graduated students in the ASP Master’s degree program were women, and the percentage of women enrolled in the ASP doctoral program is 26%, with a solid trend of increase. In particular, the competitive support instruments which aim to maximally link doctoral researcher and postdoctoral career stages are considered as optimally designed for promoting gender equality and for balancing structural disadvantages for female candidates. For two prominent cases, our gender equality measures on the junior level have proven to be fruitful. In 2015, former ACP member Rachel Grange was appointed as a professor at ETH Zurich. Following this model, the previous ACP junior research group leader Isabelle Staude was appointed as a full professor at Friedrich Schiller University Jena in 2020. Our most recent junior group leader position in theoretical optics was staffed in 2018 with Christin David. While we will continue to increase our efforts on gender equality, we hope that our already demonstrated success cases will act as a seed for further appointments of female professors in the future. To further promote equal opportunity and family-friendly conditions, ACP has appointed its director Stefanie Gräfe as contact person for gender issues. She Optics and photonics publications by ACP principal scientists according to ISI Web of Science, since January 2008. To reflect the dynamics in recent years and to allow for a fair comparison, the numbers take into account the peer-review publications in optics, photonics and related fields for all ACP members since the start of their affiliation with the Friedrich Schiller University. ACP’s new infrastructure, a research and teaching building with more than 2,600 m2 of laboratory and office spaces for research and teaching was taken into operation in 2016. Since then, the building, its students and scientists have jointly evoked a great impact on the scientific excellence in the whole Jena region, in many respects. The construction has been funded by the State of Thuringia and the German federal government with 26 million Euro. 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 2010 2011 333 451 460 463 463 434 418 429 375 389 362 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

17 16 Director‘s Report Funding Funding Director‘s Report FUNDING The Abbe Center of Photonics (ACP) acquires multiple sources of funding to establish and maintain its research, education and infrastructure program. The larger share of financial aid is for indirect support, attracted by ACP’s principal scientists through many different competitive third-party funding schemes. This support comes mainly from substantial large-scale and collaborative research projects. To obtain maximum benefit from the synergetic effects which ACP provides, its members focus their common acquisition efforts on strategic funding, i.e. on largescale, interdisciplinary and sustainable collaborative research projects. The following list, sorted by funding sources, is a selection of currently active strategic research projects which have been acquired by ACP‘s principal scientists through competitive funding programs: Annual budgets of third-party funding in optics and photonics research and educational projects led by ACP principal scientists from years 2008 to 2019, sorted by funding sources. The numbers for 2020 were not yet available at the editorial deadline of this booklet. In addition to individual grants and fellowships, ACP scientists are also proud to attract an exceptionally high amount of third-party funding for projects aiming to support professional careers within the educational program. Substantial financial support for infrastructure and administration to benefit the Abbe School of Photonics is provided by federal programs (Max Planck School of Photonics), the German Academic Exchange Service (Graduate School Scholarship Programs) and from the Carl Zeiss Foundation (Jena Alliance Life in Focus). In addition, ACP gratefully receives financial support for selected doctoral research projects from different types of scholarships from the European Union and the European Research Council (ERC), the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the Thuringian Ministry for Economy, Science, and Digital Society (TMWWDG), the Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation, the Carl Zeiss Foundation, as well as from our more than 20 industrial partners, among them ASML, LEICA, JENOPTIK, OSRAM, PHILIPS, TRUMPF, and ZEISS. The following chart lists the annual budgets which ACP scientists have spent on their optics and photonics projects from 2008 to 2019. Since ACP‘s foundation, an already considerably high level of funding has been continuously increased. In the last five years, an annual competitive third-party budget between EUR 24 and 30 million was raised by ACP‘s principal scientists. Another solid tendency lies in the fact of a growing amount of funding was attracted from the German Research Foundation (DFG). In sum, and over the last four years, ACP’s annual budgets have constituted roughly one quarter of the overall sum of third-party funding granted to all scientists of the entire Friedrich Schiller University. These numbers are proof of the vital and sustainable impact of optics and photonics research and education performed by ACP – a reflection of the University’s impressive research profile as well as on the strong economic and infrastructural backbone of Jena. THE GERMAN RESEARCH FOUNDATION • Excellence Cluster EXC 2051 Balance of the Microverse - strong support to our microbiology partners • Collaborative Research Center SFB 1375 NOA - Nonlinear Optics down to Atomic scales • Collaborative Research Center SFB 1278 Polytarget • Collaborative Research Center SFB TRR 234 Catalight together with the University of Ulm • Research Unit FOR 2783 - Probing the Quantum Vacuum at the High-Intensity Frontier THE EUROPEAN UNION • Attosecond Chemistry - COST Action (CA18222) • FastGhost - Fast quantum ghost microscopy in the midIR (FET-OPEN 899580) • Laserlab Europe - Initiative on EU Laser Infrastructures • LISA - Laser Ionization and Spectroscopy of Actinide elements (MSCA-ITN 861198) • LOGICLAB - Molecular lab-on-a-vesicle for intracellular diagnostics (MSCA-ITN 813920) • METAFAST - Metasurfaces for Ultrafast Light Structuring (FET-OPEN 899673) • Raman4Clinics - COST Action (BM1401) • SURQUID - Super-resolving Quantum Imaging and Detection (FET-OPEN 899824) STATE AND FEDERAL FUNDING • 3Dsensation – Twenty20 research consortium, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and more than 70 other partners • ACP2020 – Agenda for Excellent Photonics, funded by the Free State of Thuringia in the second phase of the ProExcellence program • InfectoGnostics - Federal Research Campus, funded in public-private partnership by the BMBF, the Free State of Thuringia, and more than 20 companies • InQuoSens - Thuringian Innovation Center for Quantum Optics and Sensor Technology, including the research groups 2D-SENS, FASTPHOTON and FOQUOS, funded by the Free State of Thuringia • Leibniz Center for Photonics in Infection Research, selected and funded by the National Research Infrastructure Roadmap • Leistungszentrum Photonik, funded by the BMBF and the Free State of Thuringia • Lichtwerkstatt Jena - Open Photonics Innovation Initiative, funded by the BMBF • Jena Alliance Life in Focus - a Carl Zeiss Foundation project, a multidisciplinary education initiative • Max Planck School of Photonics - national education excellence initiative, funded by the BMBF • OptiCon - Collaboratie Center of Innovation Competence, funded by the BMBF Foundations Contract Research Other Sources 30 Mio. € 25 Mio. € 20 Mio. € 15 Mio. € 10 Mio. € 5 Mio. € 0 € 2010 2011 2012 2013 2015 2017 2014 2016 2018 2019 24.9 Mio. € 24.7 Mio. € 21.6 Mio. € 23.0 Mio. € 30.0 Mio. € 15.6 Mio. € 19.5 Mio. € 20.5 Mio. € 24.9 Mio. € 23.8 Mio. € German Research Foundation (DFG) European Union Federal Government (BMBF & BMWI) Thuringia (TMWWDG & TAB)

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